VOLGA GAZ M21
The GAZ M21 Volga is an automobile which was produced in the Soviet Union by GAZ ("Gorkovsky Avtomobilniy Zavod", in English : "Gorky automobile factory") from 1956 to 1970. The first car to carry the Volga name, it was developed in the early 1950s. Volgas were built with high ground clearance (which gives it a specific "high" look, contrary to "low-long-sleek" look of Western cars of similar design), rugged suspension, strong and forgiving engine, and rustproofing on a scale unheard of in the 1950s.
The Volga was stylistically in line with the major American manufacturers of the period in which it was introduced, and incorporated such then-luxury features as the reclining front seat, cigarette lighter, heater, windshield washer and 3-wave radio.
When in 1959 the 6-cylinder line of GAZ cars was discontinued, Volga M-21 became the biggest and most luxurious car officially sold to individual owners in the USSR in large quantities, though its price was very high and made it unavailable for most car buyers. 639,478 cars were produced in total.
The three series of GAZ M21
Three series GAZ-21 were released, most easily distinguished by the grille. The First Series (1956–58), known as the Star, featured a lattice of three large horizontal bars in the centre of which was a medallion with a star. Vehicles of the Second Series (1958-1962), known as the Shark, featured a grille with 16 vertical slits. Finally, the Third Series (1962-1970), known as the Baleen, featured a grille with 34 thin vertical rods.
Volga GAZ M21
Engine: 2445 ccm / 55 KW (75 PS) 75 hp
Number of seats: 5
Length: 4830 mm
Width: 1800 mm
Height (unloaded) 1620 mm
Wheelbase: 2700 mm
Ground clearance: 190 mm
Weight: 1350 kg
Maximum speed: 135 km/h (83 mph)
Consumption per 100 km 11-13.5 l
A special variant GAZ-23 Volga was produced for Soviet special services only, with 160 hp (120 kW; 160 PS) 160 hp (120 kW; 160 PS) 5.53 litre V8 engine from the Chaika. It allowed the M23 to reach 170 km/h (110 mph). Only 603 of the M23s were built between 1962 and 1970.
MY 1962, VOLGA GAZ M21 Third Series
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